2015 Financial Results by Segment – Uranium
|Production volume (million lbs)||28.4||23.3||22%|
|Sales volume (million lbs) 1||32.4||33.9||(4)%|
|Average spot price||($US/lb)||36.55||33.21||10%|
|Average long-term price||($US/lb)||46.29||46.46||—|
|Average realized price||($US/lb)||45.19||47.53||(5)%|
|Average unit cost of sales (including D&A)||($Cdn/lb)||38.83||34.64||12%|
|Revenue ($ millions) 1||1,866||1,777||5%|
|Gross profit ($ millions)||608||602||1%|
|Gross profit (%)||33||34||(3)%|
Production volumes in 2015 increased by 22% compared to 2014. Lower production at our US ISR operations was more than offset by the rampup of Cigar Lake production. See Uranium – production overview for more information.
Uranium revenues this year were up 5% compared to 2014 due to an increase of 10% in the Canadian dollar average realized price, partially offset by a decrease in sales volumes of 4%. The spot price for uranium averaged $36.55 (US) per pound in 2015, an increase of 10% compared to the 2014 average price of $33.21 (US) per pound; however, our US dollar average realized price was lower mainly due to lower prices under fixed price contracts. The effect of foreign exchange resulted in a higher Canadian dollar average realized price than in the prior year. The realized foreign exchange rate was $1.27 compared to $1.10 in 2014.
Total cost of sales (including D&A) increased by 7% ($1.26 billion compared to $1.18 billion in 2014) due to higher unit cost ofsales offset by lower sales volumes. The higher unit cost of sales was mainly the result of an increase in the volume of material purchased at prices higher than our average cost of inventory, and an increase in unit production costs related to the addition of higher costs from Cigar Lake during ramp up.
The net effect was a $6 million increase in gross profit for the year.
The following table shows the costs of produced and purchased uranium incurred in the reporting periods (non-IFRS measures, see below). These costs do not include selling costs such as royalties, transportation and commissions, nor do they reflect the impact of opening inventories on our reported cost of sales.
|Total production cost||32.13||27.96||15%|
|Quantity produced (million lbs)||28.4||23.3||22%|
|Cash cost 1||46.02||38.17||21%|
|Quantity purchased (million lbs)||12.5||7.1||76%|
|Produced and purchased costs 1||36.38||30.34||20%|
|Quantities produced and purchased (million lbs)||40.9||30.4||35%|
Cash cost per pound, non-cash cost per pound and total cost per pound for produced and purchased uranium presented in the above table are non-IFRS measures. These measures do not have a standardized meaning or a consistent basis of calculation under IFRS. We use these measures in our assessment of the performance of our uranium business. We believe that, in addition to conventional measures prepared in accordance with IFRS, certain investors use this information to evaluate our performance and ability to generate cash flow.
These measures are non-standard supplemental information and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for measures of performance prepared according to accounting standards. These measures are not necessarily indicative of operating profit or cash flow from operations as determined under IFRS. Other companies may calculate these measures differently, so you may not be able to make a direct comparison to similar measures presented by other companies.
To facilitate a better understanding of these measures, the following table presents a reconciliation of these measures to our unit cost of sales for the years ended 2015 and 2014 as reported in our financial statements.
Cash and total cost per pound reconciliation
|Cost of product sold||989.2||902.8|
|Add / (subtract)|
|Other selling costs||(13.8)||(9.0)|
|Change in inventories||301.8||(71.9)|
|Cash operating costs (a)||1,160.7||705.9|
|Add / (subtract)|
|Depreciation and amortization||269.1||272.6|
|Change in inventories||58.1||(56.2)|
|Total operating costs (b)||1,487.9||922.3|
|Uranium produced and purchased (million lbs) (c)||40.9||30.4|
|Cash costs per pound (a ÷ c)||28.38||23.22|
|Total costs per pound (b ÷ c)||36.38||30.34|
Uranium segment outlook
We expect to produce 30.0 million pounds in 2016 and have commitments under long-term contracts to purchase approximately 9 million pounds.
Based on the contracts we have in place, and not including sales between our segments, we expect to deliver between 30 million and 32 million pounds of U3O8 in 2016. We expect the unit cost of sales to be up to 5% higher than in 2015, primarily due to the planned purchases during the year. If we make additional discretionary purchases in 2016 at a cost different than our other sources of supply, then we expect the overall unit cost of sales to be affected.
We expect revenue to be up to 5% lower than in 2015 as a result of an expected decrease in deliveries, not including sales between our segments, partially offset by a higher average realized price.
We pay royalties on the sale of all uranium extracted at our mines in the province of Saskatchewan. Two types of royalties are paid:
- Basic royalty: calculated as 5% of gross sales of uranium, less the Saskatchewan resource credit of 0.75%.
- Profit royalty: a 10% royalty is charged on profit up to and including $22.70/kg U3O8 ($10.30/lb) and a 15% royalty is charged on profit in excess of $22.70/kg U3O8. Profit is determined as revenue less certain operating, exploration, reclamation and capital costs. Both exploration and capital costs are deductible at the discretion of the producer.
As a resource corporation in Saskatchewan, we also pay a corporate resource surcharge of 3% of the value of resource sales.
During the period from 2013 to 2015, transitional rules for the new profit royalty regime were applied whereby only 50% of capital costs were deductible. The remaining 50% was accumulated and will now be deductible beginning in 2016. In addition, the capital allowance related to Cigar Lake under the previous system was grandfathered and is also now deductible beginning in 2016. Based on the expected application of transitional and grandfathered capital allowance deductions, we anticipate that only the first tier of the profit royalty (10%) will apply in 2016 and 2017. As capital pools are depleted, we expect to also be subject to the top tier of the profit royalty (15%) in 2018.