3. Accounting standards
A. Changes in accounting policy
On January 1, 2013, Cameco adopted the following new standards as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board in accordance with the transitional provisions:
IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements (IFRS 10) introduces a new control model that is applicable to all investees. Among other things, it requires the consolidation of an investee if the Company controls the investee on the basis of de facto circumstances. In accordance with IFRS 10, Cameco re-assessed the control conclusion for its investees at January 1, 2013. There were no changes to the control conclusion for Cameco’s investees.
ii. Joint arrangements
Under IFRS 11 Joint Arrangements (IFRS 11), Cameco classifies its interests in joint arrangements as either joint operations or joint ventures depending on the structure of the arrangements, the legal form of any separate vehicles, the contractual terms of the arrangements and other facts and circumstances. Previously, the structure of the arrangement was the main determinant of classification.
In accordance with IFRS 11, Cameco has re-evaluated its involvement in joint arrangements at January 1, 2013. As a result, the Company has changed its classification conclusion with respect to its investment in BPLP. BPLP has control over its own assets, liabilities, revenues, and expenses, and because Cameco is entitled to a share of the profits or losses from BPLP’s operations, Cameco has determined that its investment in BPLP should be classified as a joint venture. Accordingly, Cameco applied equity accounting to the investment commencing on January 1, 2013. Previously, the investee was accounted for as a jointly controlled entity using the proportionate consolidation method. Prior period financial statements have been revised to reflect the retrospective adoption of IFRS 11.
iii. Disclosure of interests in other entities
As a result of IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interests in Other Entities, Cameco has expanded its disclosures about its interests in equity-accounted investees (note 12).
iv. Financial assets and financial liabilities
Cameco did not have any new disclosure as a result of adopting IFRS 7 Financial Instruments: Disclosures, as the changes to the standard involved instruments that Cameco does not currently hold.
v. Fair value measurement
IFRS 13 Fair Value Measurement (IFRS 13) establishes a single framework for measuring fair value and making disclosures about fair value measurements when such measurements are required or permitted by other IFRSs. It replaces and expands the disclosure requirements about fair value measurements in other IFRSs, including IFRS 7. As a result, Cameco has included additional disclosures in this regard (see notes 4 and 27).
In accordance with the transitional provisions of IFRS 13, Cameco has applied the new fair value measurement guidelines prospectively and has not provided any comparative information for new disclosures. Notwithstanding the above, the change had no significant impact on the measurements of Cameco’s assets and liabilities.
vi. Employee benefits
Revised IAS 19 Employee Benefits (IAS 19R) has accelerated the recognition of past service costs and replaced interest cost and expected return on plan assets with a measure of net interest on the defined benefit asset or liability. In addition, IAS 19R has resulted in a change in the accounting for both plan administration costs and assets earning no return in refundable tax accounts. These revisions have resulted in adjustments to both Cameco and BPLP’s defined benefit obligation balances as at January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2012. There are also expanded disclosure requirements in IAS 19R.
vii. Presentation of other comprehensive income
As a result of amendments to IAS 1 Presentation of Financial Statements, Cameco has modified the presentation of items of other comprehensive income in its statements of other comprehensive income, to present separately items that may be reclassified to earnings from those that will never be. Comparative information has been revised accordingly.
The following tables summarize the adjustments made to Cameco’s consolidated statements of earnings for the year ended December 31, 2012 and to its consolidated statements of financial position at January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2012, as a result of retrospectively adopting IFRS 11 and IFRS 19R:
Consolidated statement of earnings Year ended
Net earnings as previously reported $264,583 Adjustments to: Revenue from products and services (430,811) Cost of products and services sold 171,515 Depreciation and amortization 76,048 Administration 348 Exploration (91) Finance costs 12,695 Gains on derivatives 2,060 Finance income (6,811) Earnings from BPLP 157,846 Share of loss from equity-accounted investees 109 Income tax recovery 4,265 Net earnings as restated $251,756 Restated net earnings attributable to: Equity holders $253,309 Non-controlling interest (1,553) $251,756 Consolidated statement of comprehensive income Year ended
Other comprehensive loss as previously reported $(106,448) Remeasurements of defined benefit liability – equity-accounted investees 12,932 Other comprehensive loss as restated $(93,516) Restated other comprehensive loss attributable to: Equity holders $(93,396) Non-controlling interest (120) $(93,516) Consolidated statements of financial position Dec 31/12 Jan 1/12 Equity as previously reported $4,944,267 $4,923,136 Adjustments to: Cash and cash equivalents (325) (2,532) Accounts receivable (142,460) (95,152) Supplies and prepaid expenses (78,644) (67,855) Current portion of long-term receivables, investments and other (23,452) (48,345) Property, plant and equipment (433,175) (443,063) Long-term receivables, investments and other (100,080) (107,195) Investments in equity-accounted investees (6,633) 3,922 Accounts payable and accrued liabilities 81,123 99,865 Short-term debt 39,500 18,644 Current portion of finance lease obligation 16,337 14,852 Current portion of other liabilities 8,116 17,987 Finance lease obligation 114,676 130,982 Other liabilities 521,911 474,651 Deferred tax liabilities 803 831 Equity as restated $4,941,964 $4,920,728 Restated equity attributable to: Equity holders $4,941,384 $4,917,185 Non-controlling interest 580 3,543 $4,941,964 $4,920,728
The adjustments to earnings relating to the new and amended standards resulted in a three cent decrease in both basic and diluted earnings per share for the year ended December 31, 2012.
B. New standards and interpretations not yet adopted
A number of new standards, interpretations and amendments to existing standards are not yet effective for the year ended December 31, 2013, and have not been applied in preparing these consolidated financial statements. The following standards, amendments to and interpretations of existing standards have been published and are mandatory for Cameco’s accounting periods beginning on or after January 1, 2014, unless otherwise noted.
i. Financial instruments
In October 2010, the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) issued IFRS 9, Financial Instruments (IFRS 9). In November 2013, the IASB issued a new general hedge accounting standard, which forms part of IFRS 9. The new standard removes the January 1, 2015 effective date of IFRS 9. The new mandatory effective date will be determined once the classification and measurement and impairment phases of IFRS 9 are finalized.
This standard is part of a wider project to replace IAS 39, Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement (IAS 39). IFRS 9 replaces the current multiple classification and measurement models for financial assets and liabilities with a single model that has only two classification categories: amortized cost and fair value. The basis of classification depends on the entity’s business model and the contractual cash flow characteristics of the financial asset or liability. It also introduces additional changes relating to financial liabilities and aligns hedge accounting more closely with risk management. The mandatory effective date is not yet determined; however, early adoption of the new standard is still permitted. Cameco does not intend to early adopt IFRS 9 in its financial statements for the annual period beginning January 1, 2014. The extent of the impact of adoption of IFRS 9 has not yet been determined.
ii. Financial assets and financial liabilities
In December 2011, the IASB issued amendments to IAS 32, Financial Instruments: Presentation (IAS 32). The amendment is effective for periods beginning on or after January 1, 2014 and is to be applied retrospectively. The amendment clarifies matters regarding offsetting financial assets and financial liabilities as well as related disclosure requirements. Cameco intends to adopt the amendments to IAS 32 in its financial statements for the annual period beginning January 1, 2014 and does not expect the amendments to have a material impact on the financial statements.
In May 2013, the IASB issued International Financial Reporting Interpretations Committee (IFRIC) 21, Levies. IFRIC 21 is effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2014 and is to be applied retrospectively. IFRIC 21 provides guidance on accounting for levies in accordance with IAS 37, Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets. The interpretation defines a levy as an outflow from an entity imposed by a government in accordance with legislation and confirms that an entity recognizes a liability for a levy only when the triggering event specified in the legislation occurs. Cameco intends to adopt IFRIC 21 in its financial statements for the annual period beginning January 1, 2014. The extent of the impact of adoption of IFRIC 21 has not yet been determined.
iv. Disclosure of recoverable amounts
In May 2013, the IASB issued amendments to IAS 36 Impairment of Assets (IAS 36). The amendments in IAS 36 are effective for annual periods beginning on or after January 1, 2014 and are to be applied retrospectively. The amendments reverse the unintended requirement in IFRS 13 to disclose the recoverable amount of every cash generating unit to which significant goodwill or indefinite-lived intangible assets have been allocated. Under these amendments, the recoverable amount is required to be disclosed only when an impairment loss has been recognized or reversed. Cameco intends to adopt the amendments to IAS 36 in its financial statements for the annual period beginning January 1, 2014. As the amendments impact certain disclosure requirements only, the Company does not expect the amendments to have a material impact on its financial statements.